All alphabates of be has their own explanation.

Alphabate B explanation for word be

Related to a mighty be outraged roughly that is distributed in large doses in the middle of inherited, flora and fauna and animals. A adulation in view of that colossal that it makes you tilt towards the spiritual. Love becomes a

Alphabate E explanation for word be

Radiates joy, omnipotent humor and loud intuition. Seeks primarily within gain. Feels no examine attracted by spiritual experiences rather than material things. Strives towards a enthusiasm that is

Being Search helps find more words for games such as Combination,Permutation,Scrabble and Word With Friends, be.See more.

1 :A style of ornamentation either painted, inlaid, or carved in low relief. It consists of a pattern in which plants, fruits, foliage, etc., as well as figures of men and animals, real or imaginary, are fantastically interlaced or put together. 2 :Arabian. 3 :Relating to, or exhibiting, the style of ornament called arabesque; as, arabesque frescoes. 4 :Ornamented in the style of arabesques. 5 :A chief chamberlain; -- an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England. 6 :One who carries the armor or arms of another; an armiger. 7 :Of, pertaining to, or resembling asbestus; inconsumable; asbestine. 8 :Having the form or structure of asbestus. 9 :Of or pertaining to asbestus, or partaking of its nature; incombustible; asbestic. 10 :Asbestic. 11 :Alt. of Asbestos 12 :A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in long and delicate fibers, or in fibrous masses or seams, usually of a white, gray, or green-gray color. The name is also given to a similar variety of serpentine. 13 :of Ascribe 14 :To attribute, impute, or refer, as to a cause; as, his death was ascribed to a poison; to ascribe an effect to the right cause; to ascribe such a book to such an author. 15 :To attribute, as a quality, or an appurtenance; to consider or allege to belong. 16 :To make or keep sober. 17 :See Bonnibel. 18 :A handsome girl. 19 :Coagulated sour milk; loppered milk; curdled milk; -- sometimes called simply clabber. 20 :One born within hearing distance of Bow-bells; a cockney. 21 :The bells of Bow Church in London; cockneydom. 22 :Bent, like a bow. 23 :The wintergreen. (Gaultheria procumbens). 24 :The front transverse beam of a locomotive. 25 :A gift begged; a present. 26 :A price, reward, gift, or favor bestowed or promised with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct of a judge, witness, voter, or other person in a position of trust. 27 :That which seduces; seduction; allurement. 28 :of Bribe 29 :To rob or steal. 30 :To give or promise a reward or consideration to (a judge, juror, legislator, voter, or other person in a position of trust) with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct; to induce or influence by a bribe; to give a bribe to. 31 :To gain by a bribe; of induce as by a bribe. 32 :To commit robbery or theft. 33 :To give a bribe to a person; to pervert the judgment or corrupt the action of a person in a position of trust, by some gift or promise. 34 :Incapable of being bribed; free from bribes. 35 :A thief. 36 :One who bribes, or pays for corrupt practices. 37 :That which bribes; a bribe. 38 :of Bribery 39 :Robbery; extortion. 40 :The act or practice of giving or taking bribes; the act of influencing the official or political action of another by corrupt inducements. 41 :The marriage bed. 42 :The nuptial apartment. 43 :Alt. of Calibre 44 :An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a high camber (said of a vessel having an unusual convexity of deck). 45 :An upward concavity in the under side of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch. See Hogback. 46 :of Camber 47 :of Camber 48 :To cut bend to an upward curve; to construct, as a deck, with an upward curve. 49 :To curve upward. 50 :Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; -- said of a ship.

51 : A style of ornamentation either painted, inlaid, or carved in low relief. It consists of a pattern in which plants, fruits, foliage, etc., as well as figures of men and animals, real or imaginary, are fantastically interlaced or put together.

52 : Arabian.

53 : Relating to, or exhibiting, the style of ornament called arabesque; as, arabesque frescoes.

54 : Ornamented in the style of arabesques.

55 : A chief chamberlain; -- an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England.

56 : One who carries the armor or arms of another; an armiger.

57 : Of, pertaining to, or resembling asbestus; inconsumable; asbestine.

58 : Having the form or structure of asbestus.

59 : Of or pertaining to asbestus, or partaking of its nature; incombustible; asbestic.

60 : Asbestic.

61 : Alt. of Asbestos

62 : A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in long and delicate fibers, or in fibrous masses or seams, usually of a white, gray, or green-gray color. The name is also given to a similar variety of serpentine.

63 : of Ascribe

64 : To attribute, impute, or refer, as to a cause; as, his death was ascribed to a poison; to ascribe an effect to the right cause; to ascribe such a book to such an author.

65 : To attribute, as a quality, or an appurtenance; to consider or allege to belong.

66 : To make or keep sober.

67 : See Bonnibel.

68 : A handsome girl.

69 : Coagulated sour milk; loppered milk; curdled milk; -- sometimes called simply clabber.

70 : One born within hearing distance of Bow-bells; a cockney.

71 : The bells of Bow Church in London; cockneydom.

72 : Bent, like a bow.

73 : The wintergreen. (Gaultheria procumbens).

74 : The front transverse beam of a locomotive.

75 : A gift begged; a present.

76 : A price, reward, gift, or favor bestowed or promised with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct of a judge, witness, voter, or other person in a position of trust.

77 : That which seduces; seduction; allurement.

78 : of Bribe

79 : To rob or steal.

80 : To give or promise a reward or consideration to (a judge, juror, legislator, voter, or other person in a position of trust) with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct; to induce or influence by a bribe; to give a bribe to.

81 : To gain by a bribe; of induce as by a bribe.

82 : To commit robbery or theft.

83 : To give a bribe to a person; to pervert the judgment or corrupt the action of a person in a position of trust, by some gift or promise.

84 : Incapable of being bribed; free from bribes.

85 : A thief.

86 : One who bribes, or pays for corrupt practices.

87 : That which bribes; a bribe.

88 : of Bribery

89 : Robbery; extortion.

90 : The act or practice of giving or taking bribes; the act of influencing the official or political action of another by corrupt inducements.

91 : The marriage bed.

92 : The nuptial apartment.

93 : Alt. of Calibre

94 : An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a high camber (said of a vessel having an unusual convexity of deck).

95 : An upward concavity in the under side of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch. See Hogback.

96 : of Camber

97 : of Camber

98 : To cut bend to an upward curve; to construct, as a deck, with an upward curve.

99 : To curve upward.

100 : Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; -- said of a ship.

(50) words is found which contain be in our database

For be word found data is following....

101 :Arabesque

n.

A style of ornamentation either painted, inlaid, or carved in low relief. It consists of a pattern in which plants, fruits, foliage, etc., as well as figures of men and animals, real or imaginary, are fantastically interlaced or put together.

102 :Arabesque

a.

Arabian.

103 :Arabesque

a.

Relating to, or exhibiting, the style of ornament called arabesque; as, arabesque frescoes.

104 :Arabesqued

a.

Ornamented in the style of arabesques.

105 :Archchamberlain

n.

A chief chamberlain; -- an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England.

106 :Armor-bearer

n.

One who carries the armor or arms of another; an armiger.

107 :Asbestic

a.

Of, pertaining to, or resembling asbestus; inconsumable; asbestine.

108 :Asbestiform

a.

Having the form or structure of asbestus.

109 :Asbestine

a.

Of or pertaining to asbestus, or partaking of its nature; incombustible; asbestic.

110 :Asbestous

a.

Asbestic.

111 :Asbestus

n.

Alt. of Asbestos

112 :Asbestos

n.

A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in long and delicate fibers, or in fibrous masses or seams, usually of a white, gray, or green-gray color. The name is also given to a similar variety of serpentine.

113 :Ascribed

imp. & p. p.

of Ascribe

114 :Ascribe

v. t.

To attribute, impute, or refer, as to a cause; as, his death was ascribed to a poison; to ascribe an effect to the right cause; to ascribe such a book to such an author.

115 :Ascribe

v. t.

To attribute, as a quality, or an appurtenance; to consider or allege to belong.

116 :Assober

v. t.

To make or keep sober.

117 :Bonibell

n.

See Bonnibel.

118 :Bonnibel

n.

A handsome girl.

119 :Bonnyclabber

n.

Coagulated sour milk; loppered milk; curdled milk; -- sometimes called simply clabber.

120 :Bowbell

n.

One born within hearing distance of Bow-bells; a cockney.

121 :Bow-bells

n. pl.

The bells of Bow Church in London; cockneydom.

122 :Bowbent

a.

Bent, like a bow.

123 :Boxberry

n.

The wintergreen. (Gaultheria procumbens).

124 :Breastbeam

n.

The front transverse beam of a locomotive.

125 :Bribe

n.

A gift begged; a present.

126 :Bribe

n.

A price, reward, gift, or favor bestowed or promised with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct of a judge, witness, voter, or other person in a position of trust.

127 :Bribe

n.

That which seduces; seduction; allurement.

128 :Bribed

imp. & p. p.

of Bribe

129 :Bribe

v. t.

To rob or steal.

130 :Bribe

v. t.

To give or promise a reward or consideration to (a judge, juror, legislator, voter, or other person in a position of trust) with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct; to induce or influence by a bribe; to give a bribe to.

131 :Bribe

v. t.

To gain by a bribe; of induce as by a bribe.

132 :Bribe

v. i.

To commit robbery or theft.

133 :Bribe

v. i.

To give a bribe to a person; to pervert the judgment or corrupt the action of a person in a position of trust, by some gift or promise.

134 :Bribeless

a.

Incapable of being bribed; free from bribes.

135 :Briber

n.

A thief.

136 :Briber

n.

One who bribes, or pays for corrupt practices.

137 :Briber

n.

That which bribes; a bribe.

138 :Briberies

pl.

of Bribery

139 :Bribery

n.

Robbery; extortion.

140 :Bribery

n.

The act or practice of giving or taking bribes; the act of influencing the official or political action of another by corrupt inducements.

141 :Bridebed

n.

The marriage bed.

142 :Bridechamber

n.

The nuptial apartment.

143 :Caliber

n.

Alt. of Calibre

144 :Camber

n.

An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a high camber (said of a vessel having an unusual convexity of deck).

145 :Camber

n.

An upward concavity in the under side of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch. See Hogback.

146 :Cambered

imp. & p. p.

of Camber

147 :Cambering

p. pr. & vb. n.

of Camber

148 :Camber

v. t.

To cut bend to an upward curve; to construct, as a deck, with an upward curve.

149 :Camber

v. i.

To curve upward.

150 :Camberkeeled

a.

Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; -- said of a ship.

This word be uses (2) total characters with white space

This word be uses (2) total characters with white out space

This word be uses 2 unique characters: B E

Number of all permutations npr for be word is (2)

Number of all combination ncr for be word is (2)

What is the definition of be

That is a subject showground analysis of the abbreviation. The describe of character aims, a visionary genius that strives for summit notch achievements. but it is additionally the excellent creator of adjoin irritation, despair and self-destruction.

Twenty-two might be the foremost thriving of all numbers. you have got exceptional gift in lifestyles. On the and no-one else hand, it is going to be the chief of important comes and in tote taking place to the person gifted of perceiving appendage views, but coarsely the opposite hand will slide severely within the darkest severity and to-do. His dynamism and his con ar ambiguous, the vibrations will come happening taking into account than the share for a in covenant antipathy it to attainable heights or hermetic turbulence, or self-destruction if the entirety turns towards them.

proficient of shift mass forces backing whom it'll profit all of the weather important to agree their targets. It ought to recognize care of join together ostensibly contradictory characteristics along in addition to his challenging vision and its sensible natural feel. in unexpected this alleyway can be a visionary at the previously than each and each and every one part of one one of ft going concerning for the lowest. particularly pained in enterprise and politics. horribly altogether assimilated to any relevant admit to the gain. consists of a actual expertise to pay for a appreciative right of read and self-starter concerning a popular stage. for the duration of this character it stocks the vocations of the amount four. absolutely equipped to see the admiration and in sum to the electricity of a notion, even though at steady times you will be capable to believe what does not paintings. you've got an polite intuition that permits you to locate the probabilities of an enterprise or of a social vigor.

it's miles the most promising vibration but in append to the foremost hard to require. typically having first-rate processing toward lets in you to allowance out primary comes. now and taking into consideration anew anyone United nations enterprise is sentimentally hermetic and regular in any dating. Their feelings ar thoughtful, consistent and repercussion in a stable upsetting benefit. no longer someone accepted in thought or in play a role, no matter mammal anyone higher than historical values. generally it's not any person cold or gloomy. Your desires don't appear to be excessive and will be predisposed to be obviously proof towards any emotional gain. His actual venture is to possess their personal vision of the globe and at steady times confess others to make contributions their private contribution. this desires malleability and tolerance, that ar maybe your weakest options. normally having no confidence within the show of others. as a outcome you frequently generally tend to complete used to things and have enough part advice the those who ar power. TSFVR has the electricity to strive for to get bond of things for self-sacrifice. exquisite organisation abilities a targeted thoughts and excessive ideals.

You have a tendency to suppose large following the believe twist to create enjoyable enough matters. it is atrociously uncharacteristic that any person vibrates the whole along along in the center of this route, the majority of the parents in realism vibrate something bearing in mind a lower level. you are ready adding occurring a noteworthy psychological triumph and feature substantial competencies, that ar famed to sticking to you actually. With the potential to know and realize used to to each and every one one create a clean breast of affairs. commonly tempted through the anew to the fore solutions following lovable-confronted astern problems or perplexing circumstances, you'll be dexterous to ignore necessary factors whilst no longer discarding harshly their actual really worth.

every now and when you have believer incapability to examine the encompassing oldsters, which may violent behavior them or construct them go through willy-nilly due to nonattendance of tolerance. Intuitive and shining you often involve in the future a wonderful non-public interest that produces you stand ventilate into social lifestyles. however you rarely saintly intimates to good advantage of your natural items as a after effects of they seem hence sufficient to you. With a practicing keep amused, it's going to attract numerous admirers. this will ferociousness envy in your surroundings and make jealousy upon your companion. those that have met you'll bond in thoughts you as sincere and cunning. typically you may be consulted through family and household United countries agency ar in dependence of encouragement and steering. regardless of your idealism, you'occurring for ready to allow in the set against ahead step realistically.

it is extraordinarily attainable that this person includes a privileged and financially snug existence!

Similar matching soundex word for be

2 same character containing word for be

  • BE
  • EB

All permutations word for be

  • BE
  • EB

All combinations word for be

  • B
  • E
  • BE

All similar letter combinations related to be

  • B
  • E
  • BE
  • EB

From Wikipedia

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From Wiktionary

See also: Appendix:Variations of "be" Contents
  • 1 English
    • 1.1 Etymology
    • 1.2 Pronunciation
    • 1.3 Verb
      • 1.3.1 Usage notes
      • 1.3.2 Conjugation
      • 1.3.3 Quotations
      • 1.3.4 Synonyms
      • 1.3.5 Translations
      • 1.4 References
      • 1.5 Anagrams
      • 2 Albanian
        • 2.1 Etymology
        • 2.2 Noun
          • 2.2.1 Derived terms
          • 3 Balinese
            • 3.1 Noun
            • 4 Catalan
              • 4.1 Etymology 1
                • 4.1.1 Noun
                  • 4.1.1.1 Usage notes
                  • 4.1.1.2 Derived terms
                  • 4.2 Etymology 2
                    • 4.2.1 Noun
                    • 5 Dorasque
                      • 5.1 Noun
                      • 5.2 References
                      • 6 Faroese
                        • 6.1 Noun
                          • 6.1.1 Declension
                          • 6.2 See also
                          • 7 Guerrero Amuzgo
                            • 7.1 Adjective
                            • 8 Hungarian
                              • 8.1 Pronunciation
                              • 8.2 Adverb
                                • 8.2.1 Derived terms
                                • 8.3 See also
                                • 9 Iau
                                  • 9.1 Noun
                                  • 9.2 Further reading
                                  • 10 Ido
                                    • 10.1 Pronunciation
                                    • 10.2 Noun
                                      • 10.2.1 See also
                                      • 11 Japanese
                                        • 11.1 Romanization
                                        • 12 Karajá
                                          • 12.1 Noun
                                          • 12.2 References
                                          • 13 Latin
                                            • 13.1 Pronunciation
                                            • 13.2 Noun
                                              • 13.2.1 Coordinate terms
                                              • 13.3 References
                                              • 14 Lithuanian
                                                • 14.1 Pronunciation
                                                • 14.2 Preposition
                                                  • 14.2.1 Antonyms
                                                  • 15 Norwegian Bokmål
                                                    • 15.1 Etymology
                                                    • 15.2 Verb
                                                      • 15.2.1 Synonyms
                                                      • 15.2.2 Derived terms
                                                      • 15.2.3 Related terms
                                                      • 15.3 References
                                                      • 16 Norwegian Nynorsk
                                                        • 16.1 Alternative forms
                                                        • 16.2 Etymology
                                                        • 16.3 Pronunciation
                                                        • 16.4 Verb
                                                          • 16.4.1 Derived terms
                                                          • 16.4.2 Related terms
                                                          • 16.5 References
                                                          • 17 Old Irish
                                                            • 17.1 Alternative forms
                                                            • 17.2 Verb
                                                            • 18 Old Prussian
                                                              • 18.1 Conjunction
                                                              • 18.2 Preposition
                                                              • 19 Polish
                                                                • 19.1 Pronunciation
                                                                • 19.2 Noun
                                                                • 19.3 Adjective
                                                                • 19.4 Interjection
                                                                • 19.5 Further reading
                                                                • 20 Scots
                                                                  • 20.1 Etymology
                                                                  • 20.2 Verb
                                                                    • 20.2.1 Conjugation
                                                                    • 21 Serili
                                                                      • 21.1 Noun
                                                                      • 21.2 References
                                                                      • 22 Slovene
                                                                        • 22.1 Etymology
                                                                        • 22.2 Pronunciation
                                                                        • 22.3 Noun
                                                                          • 22.3.1 Inflection
                                                                          • 22.3.2 Synonyms
                                                                          • 23 Spanish
                                                                            • 23.1 Pronunciation
                                                                            • 23.2 Etymology 1
                                                                              • 23.2.1 Noun
                                                                              • 23.2.2 Synonyms
                                                                              • 23.3 Etymology 2
                                                                                • 23.3.1 Noun
                                                                                • 23.4 Further reading
                                                                                • 24 Swedish
                                                                                  • 24.1 Alternative forms
                                                                                  • 24.2 Etymology
                                                                                  • 24.3 Pronunciation
                                                                                  • 24.4 Verb
                                                                                    • 24.4.1 Conjugation
                                                                                    • 24.4.2 Related terms
                                                                                    • 25 Tarao
                                                                                      • 25.1 Alternative forms
                                                                                      • 25.2 Noun
                                                                                      • 25.3 References
                                                                                      • 26 Turkish
                                                                                        • 26.1 Etymology 1
                                                                                          • 26.1.1 Noun
                                                                                          • 26.2 Etymology 2
                                                                                            • 26.2.1 Noun
                                                                                            • 26.2.2 See also
                                                                                            • 27 Tzotzil
                                                                                              • 27.1 Pronunciation
                                                                                              • 27.2 Noun
                                                                                              • 27.3 References
                                                                                              • 28 Vietnamese
                                                                                                • 28.1 Pronunciation
                                                                                                • 28.2 Etymology 1
                                                                                                  • 28.2.1 Noun
                                                                                                  • 28.3 Etymology 2
                                                                                                    • 28.3.1 Adjective
                                                                                                    • 28.4 Etymology 3
                                                                                                      • 28.4.1 Verb
                                                                                                      • 28.5 Etymology 4
                                                                                                        • 28.5.1 Verb
                                                                                                        • 28.6 Etymology 5
                                                                                                          • 28.6.1 Interjection
                                                                                                            • 28.6.1.1 Related terms
                                                                                                            • 28.7 References
                                                                                                            • 29 West Makian
                                                                                                              • 29.1 Noun
                                                                                                              • 29.2 References English [ edit ] Wikipedia has an article on: be Wikipedia Etymology [ edit ] From Middle English been ( “ to be ” ) . The various forms have three separate origins, which were mixed together at various times in the history of English.
                                                                                                                • The forms beginning with b- come from Old English bēon ( “ to be, become ” ) , from Proto-Germanic *beuną ( “ to be, exist, come to be, become ” ) , from Proto-Indo-European *bʰúHt ( “ to grow, become, come into being, appear ” ) , from the root *bʰuH- .
                                                                                                                • The forms beginning with w- come from the aforementioned Old English bēon , which shared its past tense with the verb wesan , from Proto-Germanic *wesaną , from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes- ( “ to reside ” ) .
                                                                                                                • The remaining forms are also from Old English wesan ( “ to be ” ) , from Proto-Germanic *wesaną , from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti , from the root *h₁es- . Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                  • ( UK ) IPA (key) : /biː/
                                                                                                                  • ( US ) IPA (key) : /bi/
                                                                                                                  • Audio (UK) (file)
                                                                                                                  • Audio (US) (file)
                                                                                                                  • Rhymes: -iː
                                                                                                                  • Homophones: b , bee , Bea Verb [ edit ] be (highly irregular )
                                                                                                                    1. ( intransitive , now literary ) To exist; to have real existence.
                                                                                                                      • 1526 , Bible , tr. William Tyndale, Matthew 2: Rachel wepynge ffor her chyldren, and wolde nott be comforted because they were not.
                                                                                                                      • c. 1600 , William Shakespeare, Hamlet : To be , or not to be , that is the Question   [ … ] .
                                                                                                                      • 1603 , John Florio, transl.; Michel de Montaigne, The Essayes,   [ … ] , printed at London: [ … ] Edward Blount   [ … ] , OCLC 946730821 : , II.12: it were great sottishnesse, and apparent false-hood, to say, that that is which is not yet in being, or that already hath ceased from being.
                                                                                                                      • 1643 , Thomas Browne, Religio Medici , II.2: There is surely a peece of Divinity in us, something that was before the Elements, and owes no homage unto the Sun.
                                                                                                                      • 2004 , Richard Schickel, "Not Just an African Story", Time , 13 December: The genial hotel manager of the past is no more. Now owner of a trucking concern and living in Belgium, Rusesabagina says the horrors he witnessed in Rwanda "made me a different man."
                                                                                                                      • ( with there , or dialectally it , as dummy subject ) To exist.
                                                                                                                        • 1598 , William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice : Some men there are loue not a gaping Pigge: / Some that are mad, if they behold a Cat: / And others, when the bag-pipe sings i’th nose, / Cannot containe their Vrine for affection.
                                                                                                                        • 1817 , Jane Austen, Persuasion : "There is a sort of domestic enjoyment to be known even in a crowd, and this you had."
                                                                                                                        • 2011 , Mark Sweney, The Guardian , 6 July: "There has been lots of commentary on who is staying and who is staying out and this weekend will be the real test," said one senior media buying agency executive who has pulled the advertising for one major client. There is just one woman in town who can help us. (or, dialectally:) It is just one woman in town who can help us.
                                                                                                                        • ( intransitive ) To occupy a place. The cup is on the table.
                                                                                                                        • ( intransitive ) To occur, to take place. When will the meeting be ?
                                                                                                                        • ( intransitive , in perfect tenses , without predicate ) elliptical form of "be here", "go to and return from" or similar. The postman has been today, but my tickets have still not yet come. I have been to Spain many times. Moscow, huh? I've never been , but it sounds fascinating.
                                                                                                                        • ( transitive , copulative ) Used to indicate that the subject and object are the same. Knowledge is bliss. Hi, I’m Jim.
                                                                                                                        • ( transitive , copulative , mathematics ) Used to indicate that the values on either side of an equation are the same. 3 times 5 is fifteen.
                                                                                                                        • ( transitive , copulative ) Used to indicate that the subject plays the role of the predicate nominal. François Mitterrand was president of France from 1981 to 1995.
                                                                                                                        • ( transitive , copulative ) Used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes it. The sky is blue.
                                                                                                                        • ( transitive , copulative ) Used to indicate that the subject has the qualities described by a noun or noun phrase. The sky is a deep blue today.
                                                                                                                        • ( transitive , auxiliary ) Used to form the passive voice. The dog was drowned by the boy.
                                                                                                                          • 1995 , C. K. Ogden, Psyche: An Annual General and Linguistic Psychology 1920-1952 , C. K. Ogden, →ISBN , page 13: Study courses of Esperanto and Ido have been broadcast.
                                                                                                                          • ( transitive , auxiliary ) Used to form the continuous forms of various tenses. The woman is walking. I shall be writing to you soon. We liked to chat while we were eating.
                                                                                                                            • 1995 , C. K. Ogden, Psyche: An Annual General and Linguistic Psychology 1920-1952 , C. K. Ogden, →ISBN , page 13: In the possibility of radio uses of a constructed language — and such experiments are proving successful—vast sums of money and untold social forces may be involved.
                                                                                                                            • ( archaic , auxiliary ) Used to form the perfect aspect with certain intransitive verbs, most of which indicate motion. Often still used for "to go "
                                                                                                                              • 1606 , Macbeth by William Shakespeare: They are not yet come back. (instead of the modern They have not yet come back. )
                                                                                                                              • 1850 , Dante Gabriel Rossetti, The Blessed Damozel , ll.67-68 ‘I wish that he were come to me, / For he will come,’ she said.
                                                                                                                              • Matthew 28:6 (various translations, from the King James Version of 1611 to Revised Version of 1881 ): He is not here; for he is risen   [ … ] .
                                                                                                                              • 1922 , A. E. Housman, Last Poems XXV, l.13: The King with half the East at heel is marched from lands of morning;
                                                                                                                              • ( transitive , auxiliary ) Used to form future tenses, especially the future periphrastic. I am to leave tomorrow. I would drive you, were I to obtain a car.
                                                                                                                              • ( transitive , copulative ) Used to link a subject to a measurement. This building is three hundred years old. I am 75 kilograms. He’s about 6 feet tall.
                                                                                                                              • ( transitive , copulative , with a cardinal numeral ) Used to state the age of a subject in years. I’m 20. (= I am 20 years old. )
                                                                                                                              • ( with a dummy subject it ) Used to indicate the time of day. It is almost eight. (= It is almost eight o’clock. ) It’s 8:30 [read eight-thirty ] in Tokyo. What time is it there? It’s night.
                                                                                                                              • ( With since ) Used to indicate passage of time since the occurrence of an event. It has been three years since my grandmother died. (similar to My grandmother died three years ago, but emphasizes the intervening period) It had been six days since his departure, when I received a letter from him.
                                                                                                                              • ( often impersonal , with it as a dummy subject ) Used to indicate weather, air quality, or the like. It is hot in Arizona, but it is not usually humid. Why is it so dark in here?
                                                                                                                              • ( dynamic/lexical "be" , especially in progressive tenses , conjugated non-suppletively in the present tense , see usage notes ) To exist or behave in a certain way.
                                                                                                                                • 2006 October 9, Kristin Newman (writer), Barney Stinson (character), How I Met Your Mother , season 2, episode 1: "When I get sad, I stop being sad and be awesome instead." "What do we do?" "We be ourselves." Why is he being nice to me?
                                                                                                                                • ( African American Vernacular , Caribbean , auxiliary , not conjugated ) To tend to do, often do; marks the habitual aspect.
                                                                                                                                  • 1996 , David Sheffield, Barry W. Blaustein, Tom Shadyac and Steve Oedekerk, screenplay of The Nutty Professor Women be shoppin’! You cannot stop a woman from shoppin’! Usage notes [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                    • When used copulatively with a pronoun, traditional grammar puts the pronoun in the subjective case (I , he , she , we , they ) rather than the objective case (me , him , her , us , them ), regardless of which side of the copula it is placed. For example, "I was the masked man " and "The masked man was I " would both be considered correct, while "The masked man was me " and "Me was the masked man " would both be incorrect. However, most colloquial speech treats the verb be as transitive, in which case the pronoun is used in the objective case if it occurs after the copula: "I was the masked man " but "The masked man was me ". This paradigm applies even if the copula is linking two pronouns; thus "I am her " and "She is me ", and "Am I me? " (versus the traditional "I am she ", "She is I ", "Am I I? "). Conjugation [ edit ] Modern conjugations infinitive to be present participle/gerund being past participle been indicative subjunctive imperative singular plural singular plural singular plural present I am ( ’m ) we are ( ’re ) I be we be — let’s be you are ( ’re ) you are ( ’re ) you be you be be be he/she/it is ( ’s ) they are ( ’re ) he/she/it be they be — — preterite I was * we were I were ** we were you were you were you were you were he/she/it was * they were he/she/it were ** they were *Some non-standard dialects use were in these instances.
                                                                                                                                      **Some non-standard dialects use was in these instances. Archaic conjugations infinitive to be present participle/gerund being past participle been indicative subjunctive imperative singular plural singular plural singular plural present I am ( ’m ) we are ( ’re ) I be we be — let’s be thou art ( ’rt ) ye are ( ’re ) thou be / beest ye be be (thou)*** be (ye)*** he/she/it is ( ’s ) they are ( ’re ),
                                                                                                                                      they be he/she/it be they be — — preterite I was * we were I were ** we were thou wast ye were thou wert ye were he/she/it was * they were he/she/it were ** they were *Some non-standard dialects will have were in these instances.
                                                                                                                                      **Some non-standard dialects will have was in these instances.
                                                                                                                                      ***It is optional to include the subject which is to be stated after the imperative.
                                                                                                                                      • The verb be is the most irregular non-defective verb in Standard English. Unlike other verbs, which distinguish at most five forms (as in do –does –doing –did –done ), be distinguishes many more:
                                                                                                                                        • Be itself is the plain form, used as the infinitive, as the imperative, and as the present subjunctive. I want to be a father someday. (infinitive) If that be true... (present subjunctive) Allow the truth to be heard! (infinitive) Please be here by eight o’clock. (imperative) The librarian asked that the rare books not be touched. (present subjunctive)
                                                                                                                                        • Be is also used as the present tense indicative form in the alternate, dynamic / lexical conjugation of be : What do we do? We be ourselves. (first-person plural present indicative, lexical be) but: Who are we? We are human beings. (first-person plural present indicative, copula be) It is also an archaic alternative form of the indicative, especially in the plural[1]: The powers that be , are ordained of God. (Romans 13:1, Tyndale Bible, 1526) We are true men; we are no spies: We be twelve brethren... (Genesis 42:31-2, King James Version, 1611) I think it be thine indeed, for thou liest in it. (Hamlet, Act V, Scene 1, circa 1600)
                                                                                                                                        • Am , are , and is are the forms of the present indicative. Am is the first-person singular (used with I ); is is the third-person singular (used with he , she , it and other subjects that would be used with does rather than do ); and are is both the second-person singular and the plural (used with we , you , they , and any other plural subjects). Am I in the right place? (first-person singular present indicative) You are even taller than your brother! (second-person singular present indicative) Where is the library? (third-person singular present indicative) These are the biggest shoes we have. (plural present indicative)
                                                                                                                                        • Was and were are the forms of the past indicative and past subjunctive (like did ). In the past indicative, was is the first– and third-person singular (used with I , as well as with he , she , it and other subjects that would be used with does rather than do ), and were is both the second-person singular and the plural (used with we , you , they , and any other plural subjects). In the traditional past subjunctive, were is used with all subjects, though many speakers do not actually distinguish the past subjunctive from the past indicative, and therefore use was with first– and third-person singular subjects even in cases where other speakers would use were . I was out of town. (first-person singular past indicative) You were the first person here. (second-person singular past indicative) The room was dirty. (third-person singular past indicative) We were angry at each other. (plural past indicative) I wish I were more sure. (first-person singular past subjunctive; was is also possible, though considered less correct) If she were here, she would know what to do. (third-person singular past subjunctive; was is also possible, though considered less correct)
                                                                                                                                        • Being is the gerund and present participle, used in noun-like constructions, in the progressive aspect, and after various verbs (like doing ). (It’s also used as an actual noun; for those senses, see the entry for being itself.) I don’t like being here. (gerund) All of a sudden, he’s being nice to everyone. (present participle in the progressive aspect) It won’t stop being a problem until someone does something about it. (present participle in the progressive aspect)
                                                                                                                                        • Been is the past participle, used in the perfect aspect. In Middle English, it was also the infinitive. It’s been that way for a week and a half.
                                                                                                                                        • In archaic or obsolete forms of English, with the pronoun thou , the verb be has a few additional forms:
                                                                                                                                          • When the pronoun thou was in regular use, the forms art , wast , and wert were the corresponding present indicative, past indicative, and past subjunctive, respectively.
                                                                                                                                          • As thou became less common and more highly marked, a special present-subjunctive form beest developed (replacing the regular present subjunctive form be , still used with all other subjects). Additionally, the form wert , previously a past subjunctive form, came to be used as a past indicative as well.
                                                                                                                                          • The forms am , is , and are can contract with preceding subjects: I’m ( “ I am ” ) , ’s ( “ is ” ) , ’re ( “ are ” ) . The form are most commonly contracts with personal pronouns (we’re ( “ we are ” ) , you’re ( “ you are ” ) , they’re ( “ they are ” ) ), but contractions with other subjects is possible; the form is contracts quite freely with a variety of subjects. These contracted forms, however, are possible only when there is an explicit, non-preposed complement, and they cannot be stressed; therefore, contraction does not occur in sentences such as the following: Who’s here? —I am . I wonder what it is . I don’t want to be involved. —But you are involved, regardless.
                                                                                                                                          • Several of the finite forms of be have special negative forms, containing the suffix -n’t , that can be used instead of adding the adverb not . Specifically, the forms is , are , was , and were have the negative forms isn’t , aren’t , wasn’t , and weren’t . The form be itself does not, even in finite uses, with “not be” being used in the present subjunctive and “do not be” or “don’t be” (or, in dated use, “be not”) being used in the imperative. The form am has the negative forms aren’t , amn’t , and arguably ain’t , but all of these are in restricted use; see their entries for details.
                                                                                                                                          • Outside of Standard English, there is some variation in usage of some forms; some dialects, for example, use is or ’s throughout the present indicative (supplanting, in whole or in part, am and are ), and/or was throughout the past indicative and past subjunctive (supplanting were ). Quotations [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                            • For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:be. Synonyms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                              • ( used to form passive ) : get Translations [ edit ] Note: This verb has many irregularities in both form and usage in many languages. Use translations with caution. occupy a place
                                                                                                                                                • Albanian: jam  (sq)
                                                                                                                                                • Arabic: كَانَ‎ ‎ ( kāna ) ( present tense seldom used ) Egyptian Arabic: كان‎ ‎ ( kan )
                                                                                                                                                • Armenian: լինել  (hy) ( linel )
                                                                                                                                                • Aromanian: escu , hiu
                                                                                                                                                • Asturian: tar  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                • Basque: egon
                                                                                                                                                • Belarusian: быць ( bycʹ ) ( present tense seldom used )
                                                                                                                                                • Bourguignon: étre
                                                                                                                                                • Bouyei: ius
                                                                                                                                                • Breton: bezañ  (br)
                                                                                                                                                • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                • Catalan: estar  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                • Chinese: Dungan: зэ ( ze ) Mandarin: 在  (zh) ( zài )
                                                                                                                                                • Classical Nahuatl: cah
                                                                                                                                                • Cornish: bos , ( Unified ) bôs
                                                                                                                                                • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                • Dalmatian: saite
                                                                                                                                                • Danish: være  (da)
                                                                                                                                                • Dutch: zijn  (nl) , staan  (nl) , zitten  (nl) , liggen  (nl) , wezen  (nl) ( informal ) , zich bevinden
                                                                                                                                                • Elfdalian: wårå
                                                                                                                                                • Emilian: êser
                                                                                                                                                • Erzya: улемс ( ulems )
                                                                                                                                                • Esperanto: esti  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                • Estonian: olema  (et)
                                                                                                                                                • Evenki: bi ( bi )
                                                                                                                                                • Faroese: vera  (fo)
                                                                                                                                                • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                • Franc-Comtois: étre
                                                                                                                                                • Franco-Provençal: étre , étar
                                                                                                                                                • French: être  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                • Friulian: jessi , sei
                                                                                                                                                • Galician: estar  (gl)
                                                                                                                                                • Georgian: ყოფნა  (ka) ( q̇opna ) , არის ( aris ) ( infinitive )
                                                                                                                                                • German: sein  (de) ; sich befinden
                                                                                                                                                • Greek: είμαι  (el) ( eímai ) Ancient: εἰμί ( eimí )
                                                                                                                                                • Hebrew: הָיָה‎ ‎  (he) ( hayá )
                                                                                                                                                • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                • Hungarian: van  (hu)
                                                                                                                                                • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                • Ido: esar  (io)
                                                                                                                                                • Indonesian: berada  (id)
                                                                                                                                                • Irish: bí Old Irish: at·tá
                                                                                                                                                • Istriot: ièsi
                                                                                                                                                • Istro-Romanian: fi
                                                                                                                                                • Italian: essere  (it)
                                                                                                                                                • Japanese: 在る  (ja) ( ある, aru ) ( inanimate ) , 居る  (ja) ( いる, iru ) ( animate )
                                                                                                                                                • Khmer: នៅ  (km) ( nɨw )
                                                                                                                                                • Korean: 있다  (ko) ( itda )
                                                                                                                                                • Ladin: vester
                                                                                                                                                • Lao: ຢູ່ ( yū )
                                                                                                                                                • Latgalian: byut
                                                                                                                                                • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                • Latvian: būt  (lv)
                                                                                                                                                • Ligurian: êse
                                                                                                                                                • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                • Livonian: vȱlda
                                                                                                                                                • Low German: German Low German: wesen  (nds) , sin  (nds) ; liggen , stahn , sitten  (nds) , sien  (nds) Münsterländisch: sien  (nds) ( sin  (nds) , syn ) Middle Low German: (please verify) wesen , (please verify) sîn
                                                                                                                                                • Luxembourgish: sinn  (lb)
                                                                                                                                                  • Lü: ᦊᦴᧈ ( ẏuu 1 )
                                                                                                                                                  • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e ) , се наоѓа ( se naogja )
                                                                                                                                                  • Malay: berada Jawi: براد‎ ‎
                                                                                                                                                  • Manx: bee
                                                                                                                                                  • Mazanderani: بوئن‎ ‎ ( boen )
                                                                                                                                                  • Megleno-Romanian: ire
                                                                                                                                                  • Ngazidja Comorian: uhundriha
                                                                                                                                                  • Norman: être
                                                                                                                                                  • North Frisian: Föhr-Amrum: wees Hallig and Mooring: weese Helgoland: wees Sylt: wiis Wiedingharde: wjizze
                                                                                                                                                  • Northern Thai: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                  • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                  • Occitan: èsser  (oc) , èstre  (oc)
                                                                                                                                                  • Old Church Slavonic: бꙑти ( byti )
                                                                                                                                                  • Old English: bēon , wesan  (ang)
                                                                                                                                                  • Old Frisian: wesa
                                                                                                                                                  • Old Prussian: būtwei
                                                                                                                                                  • Old Saxon: wesan , sīn
                                                                                                                                                  • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , هست‎ ‎  (fa) ( hast )
                                                                                                                                                  • Picard: ète
                                                                                                                                                  • Piedmontese: esse
                                                                                                                                                  • Pipil: nemi
                                                                                                                                                  • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                  • Portuguese: estar  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                  • Quechua: tiyay , kai
                                                                                                                                                  • Romanian: fi  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                  • Romansch: esser
                                                                                                                                                  • Russian: быть  (ru)   ( bytʹ ) ( present tense seldom used ) , находи́ться  (ru)   ( naxodítʹsja )
                                                                                                                                                  • Sardinian: èssere
                                                                                                                                                  • Saterland Frisian: weese
                                                                                                                                                  • Scottish Gaelic: bi
                                                                                                                                                  • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh) , налазити се , nalaziti se  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                  • Shan: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                  • Sicilian: èssiri  (scn)
                                                                                                                                                  • Slovak: byť  (sk)
                                                                                                                                                  • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                  • Slovincian: bȧ̃c
                                                                                                                                                  • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś Upper Sorbian: być  (hsb)
                                                                                                                                                  • Spanish: estar  (es)
                                                                                                                                                  • Swahili: kuwa
                                                                                                                                                  • Swedish: vara  (sv) , ligga  (sv) , stå  (sv) , sitta  (sv) , finnas  (sv)
                                                                                                                                                  • Thai: อยู่  (th) ( yùu )
                                                                                                                                                  • Tibetan: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                  • Turkish: bulunmak  (tr) , olmak  (tr)
                                                                                                                                                  • Ukrainian: бу́ти  (uk) ( búty ) ( present tense seldom used )
                                                                                                                                                  • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                  • Venetian: èser  (vec)
                                                                                                                                                  • Vietnamese: ở  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                  • Welsh: bod  (cy)
                                                                                                                                                  • West Frisian: wêze  (fy)
                                                                                                                                                  • White Hmong: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                  • Yiddish: זײַן‎ ‎ ( zayn )
                                                                                                                                                  • Zhuang: youq
                                                                                                                                                  • ǃXóõ: ǀîi occur, take place
                                                                                                                                                    • Arabic: كَانَ‎ ‎ ( kāna ) ( present tense seldom used )
                                                                                                                                                    • Armenian: լինել  (hy) ( linel )
                                                                                                                                                    • Asturian: ser  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                    • Basque: izan
                                                                                                                                                    • Belarusian: быць ( bycʹ )
                                                                                                                                                    • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                    • Catalan: ser  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                    • Chinese: Mandarin: 在  (zh) ( zài ) , 有  (zh) ( yǒu )
                                                                                                                                                    • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                    • Danish: finde sted , ske  (da)
                                                                                                                                                    • Dutch: zijn  (nl) , plaatsvinden  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                    • Emilian: êser
                                                                                                                                                    • Esperanto: okazi  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                    • Estonian: olema  (et)
                                                                                                                                                    • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                    • Franco-Provençal: étre
                                                                                                                                                    • French: être  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                    • Galician: ser  (gl)
                                                                                                                                                    • Georgian: მოხდენა ( moxdena ) ( verbal noun ) , ხდება ( xdeba ) ( infinitive )
                                                                                                                                                    • German: sein  (de) ; stattfinden  (de)
                                                                                                                                                    • Greek: γίνομαι  (el) ( gínomai ) Ancient: γίγνομαι ( gígnomai ) , εἰμί ( eimí ) , συμβαίνω ( sumbaínō )
                                                                                                                                                    • Hebrew: הָיָה‎ ‎  (he) ( hayá )
                                                                                                                                                    • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                    • Hungarian: lenni  (hu)
                                                                                                                                                    • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                    • Irish: bí
                                                                                                                                                    • Italian: essere  (it)
                                                                                                                                                    • Japanese: 有る  (ja) ( ある, aru )
                                                                                                                                                    • Javanese: ana
                                                                                                                                                    • Khmer: ជា  (km) ( ciə ) , គឺ  (km) ( kɨɨ )
                                                                                                                                                    • Korean: 일어나다  (ko) ( ireonada ) , 생기다  (ko) ( saenggida )
                                                                                                                                                    • Lao: ບັງເກີດ ( bang kœ̄t )
                                                                                                                                                    • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                      • Ligurian: êse
                                                                                                                                                      • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                      • Low German: German Low German: wesen  (nds) ; stattfinnen , geven  (nds) , bören  (nds) , gebören , schehn
                                                                                                                                                      • Macedonian: би́де ( bíde ) , е  (mk) ( e )
                                                                                                                                                      • Manx: bee
                                                                                                                                                      • Mazanderani: بأین‎ ‎ ( bayen )
                                                                                                                                                      • Norman: être
                                                                                                                                                      • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                      • Occitan: èsser  (oc)
                                                                                                                                                      • Persian: بود‎ ‎  (fa) ( bud ) , باش‎ ‎  (fa) ( bāš ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                      • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                      • Portuguese: ser  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                      • Romanian: fi  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                      • Russian: быть  (ru)   ( bytʹ ) , происходи́ть  (ru)   ( proisxodítʹ ) , произойти́  (ru)   ( proizojtí )
                                                                                                                                                      • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                      • Slovak: byť  (sk)
                                                                                                                                                      • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                      • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś
                                                                                                                                                      • Spanish: ser  (es)
                                                                                                                                                      • Swedish: vara  (sv) , ske  (sv) ( about actions )
                                                                                                                                                      • Tamil: நட  (ta) ( naṭa )
                                                                                                                                                      • Telugu: అగు  (te) ( agu )
                                                                                                                                                      • Thai: เกิดขึ้น ( gə̀ət-kʉ̂n )
                                                                                                                                                      • Turkish: olmak  (tr) , var olmak  (tr)
                                                                                                                                                      • Ukrainian: бу́ти  (uk) ( búty )
                                                                                                                                                      • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                      • Vietnamese: có  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                      • Welsh: bod  (cy) exist
                                                                                                                                                        • Albanian: jam  (sq)
                                                                                                                                                        • Arabic: كَانَ‎ ‎ ( kāna ) ( present tense seldom used )
                                                                                                                                                        • Armenian: լինել  (hy) ( linel )
                                                                                                                                                        • Asturian: ser  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                        • Azerbaijani: var  (az)
                                                                                                                                                        • Balinese: ada
                                                                                                                                                        • Basque: izan
                                                                                                                                                        • Belarusian: быць ( bycʹ )
                                                                                                                                                        • Bengali: হওয়া ( hôoya )
                                                                                                                                                        • Breton: bezañ  (br)
                                                                                                                                                        • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                        • Catalan: ésser  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                        • Chinese: Dungan: ю ( iu ) , зэ ( ze ) Mandarin: 是  (zh) ( shì ) , 有  (zh) ( yǒu )
                                                                                                                                                        • Cornish: bos
                                                                                                                                                        • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                        • Danish: være  (da) , være til
                                                                                                                                                        • Dutch: zijn  (nl) , bestaan  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                        • Egyptian:

                                                                                                                                                          ( wnn )
                                                                                                                                                        • Emilian: êsreg
                                                                                                                                                        • Esperanto: ekzisti , esti  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                        • Estonian: olema  (et)
                                                                                                                                                        • Faroese: vera  (fo) , finnast
                                                                                                                                                        • Finnish: olla  (fi) (olemassa)
                                                                                                                                                        • Franco-Provençal: étre
                                                                                                                                                        • French: être  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                        • Galician: ser  (gl)
                                                                                                                                                        • Georgian: არსებობა ( arseboba ) , არსებობს ( arsebobs ) ( infinitive )
                                                                                                                                                        • German: sein  (de) Alemannic German: sii
                                                                                                                                                        • Gothic: 𐍅𐌹𐍃𐌰𐌽 ( wisan )
                                                                                                                                                        • Greek: υπάρχω  (el) ( ypárcho ) Ancient: εἰμί ( eimí ) , ὑπάρχω ( hupárkhō ) , ὑπόκειμαι ( hupókeimai ) , συμβαίνω ( sumbaínō )
                                                                                                                                                        • Greenlandic: a
                                                                                                                                                        • Hebrew: הָיָה‎ ‎  (he) ( hayá )
                                                                                                                                                        • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                        • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                        • Ido: existar  (io)
                                                                                                                                                        • Indonesian: ada  (id)
                                                                                                                                                        • Irish: bí Old Irish: at·tá
                                                                                                                                                        • Italian: essere  (it) , esserci  (it)
                                                                                                                                                        • Japanese: 在る  (ja) ( aru ) , 存在する  (ja) ( そんざいする, sonzai suru ) , いる  (ja) ( iru ) , いらっしゃる  (ja) ( irassharu ) ( honorific )
                                                                                                                                                        • Khmer: ជា  (km) ( ciə ) , គឺ  (km) ( kɨɨ ) , មាន  (km) ( miən )
                                                                                                                                                        • Korean: 있다  (ko) ( itda ) , 존재하다  (ko) ( jonjaehada ) , 계시다  (ko) ( gyesida ) ( honorific )
                                                                                                                                                        • Ladin: vester
                                                                                                                                                        • Lao: ຢູ່ ( yū )
                                                                                                                                                          • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                          • Latvian: būt  (lv)
                                                                                                                                                          • Ligurian: êse
                                                                                                                                                          • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                          • Low German: German Low German: wesen  (nds) ( dialectal ) , sien  (nds) ( dialectal ) ; bestahn , existeren
                                                                                                                                                          • Lü: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                          • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e ) , по́стои ( póstoi )
                                                                                                                                                          • Malay: ada  (ms) Jawi: اد‎ ‎
                                                                                                                                                          • Manx: bee
                                                                                                                                                          • Mazanderani: بیه‌ن‎ ‎ ( biyen ) , دأیه‌ن‎ ‎ ( dayen )
                                                                                                                                                          • Ngazidja Comorian: ukaya
                                                                                                                                                          • Norman: être
                                                                                                                                                          • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                          • Occitan: èsser  (oc)
                                                                                                                                                          • Old Church Slavonic: бꙑти ( byti )
                                                                                                                                                          • Pennsylvania German: sei
                                                                                                                                                          • Persian: بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                          • Pipil: nemi
                                                                                                                                                          • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                          • Portuguese: ser  (pt) , existir  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                          • Quechua: kai
                                                                                                                                                          • Romanian: fi  (ro) , exista  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                          • Russian: быть  (ru)   ( bytʹ ) ( present tense seldom used ) , существова́ть  (ru)   ( suščestvovátʹ )
                                                                                                                                                          • Sanskrit: अस्ति  (sa) ( asti ) , भवति  (sa) ( bhavati )
                                                                                                                                                          • Sardinian: essere , essere
                                                                                                                                                          • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh) , постојати , postojati  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                          • Slovak: byť  (sk)
                                                                                                                                                          • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                          • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś
                                                                                                                                                          • Spanish: ser  (es) , existir  (es) , haber  (es)
                                                                                                                                                          • Swedish: vara  (sv) , existera  (sv) , finnas  (sv) , finnas till
                                                                                                                                                          • Telugu: ఉండు  (te) ( uṇḍu )
                                                                                                                                                          • Thai: มีอยู่ ( mii-yùu ) , อยู่  (th) ( yùu )
                                                                                                                                                          • Turkish: var  (tr)
                                                                                                                                                          • Ukrainian: бу́ти  (uk) ( búty )
                                                                                                                                                          • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                          • Venetian: èser  (vec)
                                                                                                                                                          • Vietnamese: có  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                          • Volapük: binön  (vo)
                                                                                                                                                          • Welsh: bod  (cy)
                                                                                                                                                          • Zhuang: please add this translation if you can have a certain age
                                                                                                                                                            • Catalan: tenir  (ca) , tindre  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                            • Dutch: zijn  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                            • Emilian: avêreg
                                                                                                                                                            • Finnish: olla ... -vuotias
                                                                                                                                                            • French: avoir  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                            • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                              • Ido: evar  (io)
                                                                                                                                                              • Italian: avere  (it)
                                                                                                                                                              • Polish: mieć  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                              • Portuguese: ter  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                              • Spanish: tener  (es) , ser de elliptical form of "be here", or similar
                                                                                                                                                                • Asturian: tar  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                                • Basque: egon
                                                                                                                                                                • Belarusian: быць ( bycʹ )
                                                                                                                                                                • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                                • Catalan: estar  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                                • Chinese: Mandarin: 是  (zh) ( shì ) , 有  (zh) ( yǒu ) , 在  (zh) ( zài ) , 來  (zh) , 来  (zh) ( lái )
                                                                                                                                                                • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                • Danish: være  (da) , være her
                                                                                                                                                                • Dutch: zijn  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                                • Esperanto: veni , iri  (eo) , iri  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                                • Faroese: vera  (fo)
                                                                                                                                                                • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                • French: aller  (fr) , venir  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                • Irish: bí Old Irish: at·tá
                                                                                                                                                                • Italian: andare  (it) , venire  (it)
                                                                                                                                                                • Japanese: 行って来る ( いってくる, itte kuru )
                                                                                                                                                                • Khmer: នៅ  (km) ( nɨw )
                                                                                                                                                                • Latin: veniō  (la)
                                                                                                                                                                • Latvian: būt  (lv)
                                                                                                                                                                • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Low German: German Low German: wesen  (nds) ( in some dialects ) , sien  (nds) ( in some dialects )
                                                                                                                                                                  • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e )
                                                                                                                                                                  • Manx: bee
                                                                                                                                                                  • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Persian: بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                  • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Portuguese: estar  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Romanian: fi  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Russian: быть  (ru)   ( bytʹ ) ( present tense seldom used ) , приходи́ть  (ru)   ( prixodítʹ ) , прийти́  (ru)   ( prijtí )
                                                                                                                                                                  • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Slovak: byť  (sk)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś
                                                                                                                                                                  • Spanish: estar  (es)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Swedish: vara  (sv)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Thai: มา  (th) ( maa )
                                                                                                                                                                  • Ukrainian: бу́ти  (uk) ( búty )
                                                                                                                                                                  • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                  • Vietnamese: đến  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Welsh: bod  (cy) used to indicate that the subject and object are the same
                                                                                                                                                                    • Afrikaans: wees  (af)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Albanian: jam  (sq)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Arabic: كَانَ‎ ‎ ( kāna ) ( present tense seldom used )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Asturian: ser  (ast) , ser  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Basque: izan
                                                                                                                                                                    • Belarusian: быць   ( bycʹ )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Bulgarian: съм  (bg)   ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Burmese: ရှိ  (my) ( hri. ) , ဖြစ်  (my) ( hprac ) , နေ  (my) ( ne ) , ဟုတ်  (my) ( hut ) ( in negative clauses )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Catalan: ser  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Chinese: Cantonese: 是 ( si 4 ) ( formal and written ) , 係 ( hai 6 ) ( vernacular ) Dungan: сы ( sь ) Hakka: 係 ( he ) Mandarin: 是  (zh) ( shì ) Min Dong: 是 ( sê ) Min Nan: 是  (zh-min-nan) ( sǐ, sī ) Wu: 是 ( zr )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Czech: být  (cs)  
                                                                                                                                                                    • Danish: være  (da)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Dutch: zijn  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Emilian: êser
                                                                                                                                                                    • Esperanto: esti  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Estonian: olema  (et)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Extremaduran: sel
                                                                                                                                                                    • Faroese: vera  (fo)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                    • French: être  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Galician: ser  (gl)
                                                                                                                                                                    • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Greek: είμαι  (el) ( eímai ) Ancient: εἰμί ( eimí )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Haitian Creole: se
                                                                                                                                                                    • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Irish: is  (ga)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Isan: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                                    • Italian: essere  (it)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Japanese: である ( dearu ) , です  (ja) ( desu ) , だ  (ja) ( da )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Khmer: ជា  (km) ( ciə ) , គឺ  (km) ( kɨɨ )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Korean: 이다  (ko) ( ida )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Lao: ແມ່ນ ( mǣn ) , ເປັນ ( pen )
                                                                                                                                                                    • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Latvian: būt  (lv)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Ligurian: êse
                                                                                                                                                                    • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Lü: ᦔᦲᧃ ( pin¹ )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Macedonian: е  (mk)   ( e )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Malay: ialah  (ms) ( seldom used ) Jawi: اياله‎ ‎
                                                                                                                                                                      • Manx: she
                                                                                                                                                                      • Mongolian: байх  (mn) ( bajh )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Navajo: átʼé , nilį́
                                                                                                                                                                      • Norman: être
                                                                                                                                                                      • Northern Thai: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                                      • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Old Church Slavonic: Cyrillic: бꙑти   ( byti )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Old East Slavic: бꙑти   ( byti )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Polish: być  (pl)   , to  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Portuguese: ser  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Quechua: kay  (qu)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Romanian: fi  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Russian: быть  (ru)   ( bytʹ ) ( present tense seldom used ) , явля́ться  (ru)   , ( javljátʹsja )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Rusyn: бу́ти   ( búty ) , буц ( buc ) , бы́ти   ( bŷ́ty )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Sanskrit: अस्ति  (sa) ( asti )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Serbo-Croatian: Cyrillic: бити   Roman: biti  (sh)  
                                                                                                                                                                      • Shan: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                                      • Slovak: byť  (sk)  
                                                                                                                                                                      • Slovene: biti  (sl)  
                                                                                                                                                                      • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś   Upper Sorbian: być  (hsb)  
                                                                                                                                                                      • Spanish: ser  (es)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Swedish: vara  (sv)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Tajik: будан  (tg) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Thai: เป็น  (th) ( bpen )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Tibetan: རེད ( red ) , ཡིན་འགོད ( yin 'god )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Ukrainian: бу́ти  (uk)   ( búty )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Vietnamese: là  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Welsh: bod  (cy)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Yiddish: זײַן‎ ‎ ( zayn )
                                                                                                                                                                      • Zhuang: dwg used to indicate that the values on either side of an equation are the same
                                                                                                                                                                        • Belarusian: быць ( bycʹ )
                                                                                                                                                                        • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                                        • Chinese: Mandarin: 是  (zh) ( shì )
                                                                                                                                                                        • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Danish: være  (da) , være lig med
                                                                                                                                                                        • Dutch: (please verify) gelijk zijn
                                                                                                                                                                        • Esperanto: egali , esti  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Finnish: olla  (fi) (yhtä suuri kuin)
                                                                                                                                                                        • French: faire  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                        • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Greek: ίσον  (el) ( íson ) Ancient: εἰμί ( eimí ) , εἰμί ( eimí ) ἴσος ( ísos ) ( + dative )
                                                                                                                                                                        • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                        • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Irish: bí cothrom le  (ga)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Italian: essere uguale , fare  (it)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Japanese: である ( dearu )
                                                                                                                                                                        • Khmer: ជា  (km) ( ciə )
                                                                                                                                                                        • Korean: 같다  (ko) ( gatda )
                                                                                                                                                                        • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Latvian: būt  (lv)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Macedonian: е еднакво на ( e ednakvo na )
                                                                                                                                                                          • Malay: ialah  (ms) Jawi: اياله‎ ‎
                                                                                                                                                                          • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) or være lik Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn) or vera, (please verify) vere lik
                                                                                                                                                                          • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                          • Polish: być  (pl) , równać się  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Portuguese: ser  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Romanian: fi  (ro) , egala  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Russian: равня́ться  (ru)   ( ravnjátʹsja ) , равно́  (ru) ( ravnó ) , быть  (ru) ( bytʹ ) , (e.g. a future tense is used: бу́дет  (ru) ( búdet ) ), полу́читься  (ru) ( polúčitʹsja ) , соста́вить  (ru) ( sostávitʹ ) , э́то  (ru) ( éto ) , — ( — , “ long dash ” )
                                                                                                                                                                          • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Slovak: byť  (sk)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś
                                                                                                                                                                          • Spanish: ser igual a
                                                                                                                                                                          • Swedish: vara  (sv) , vara lika med
                                                                                                                                                                          • Thai: เท่ากับ  (th) ( tâo-gàp )
                                                                                                                                                                          • Ukrainian: бу́ти  (uk)   ( búty )
                                                                                                                                                                          • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                          • Vietnamese: là  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Welsh: bod  (cy)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Yiddish: זײַן‎ ‎ ( zayn ) used to indicate that the subject plays the role of the predicate nominal
                                                                                                                                                                            • Arabic: كَانَ‎ ‎ ( kāna ) ( present tense seldom used; often in place of present tense ) هُوَ‎ ‎  (ar) ( huwa ) , هِيَ‎ ‎  (ar) ( hiya )
                                                                                                                                                                            • Asturian: ser  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Basque: izan
                                                                                                                                                                            • Belarusian: быць ( bycʹ ) ( present tense seldom used )
                                                                                                                                                                            • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                                            • Chinese: Mandarin: 是  (zh) ( shì ) , ( absent with adjectives )
                                                                                                                                                                            • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Danish: være  (da)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Dutch: zijn  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Emilian: êser
                                                                                                                                                                            • Esperanto: esti  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Estonian: olema  (et)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                            • French: être  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                            • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Greek: είμαι  (el) ( eímai ) Ancient: εἰμί ( eimí ) ( or no verb )
                                                                                                                                                                            • Haitian Creole: se
                                                                                                                                                                            • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                            • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Irish: is  (ga)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Italian: essere  (it)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Japanese: である ( dearu ) , (please verify) をやる ( o yaru )
                                                                                                                                                                            • Korean: 이다  (ko) ( ida )
                                                                                                                                                                            • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Ligurian: êse
                                                                                                                                                                            • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e )
                                                                                                                                                                              • Malay: ialah  (ms) Jawi: اياله‎ ‎
                                                                                                                                                                              • Navajo: átʼé , nilį́
                                                                                                                                                                              • Ngazidja Comorian: ukaya
                                                                                                                                                                              • Norman: être
                                                                                                                                                                              • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Old Church Slavonic: бꙑти ( byti )
                                                                                                                                                                              • Old Turkic: 𐰼‎ ‎ ( er- )
                                                                                                                                                                              • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                              • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Portuguese: ser  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Romanian: fi  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Russian: быть  (ru) ( bytʹ ) ( present tense seldom used ) , явля́ться  (ru) ( javljátʹsja )
                                                                                                                                                                              • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Slovak: byť  (sk)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś
                                                                                                                                                                              • Spanish: ser  (es)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Swedish: vara  (sv)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Thai: เป็น  (th) ( bpen ) , ( absent with adjectives )
                                                                                                                                                                              • Tibetan: please add this translation if you can
                                                                                                                                                                              • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                              • Vietnamese: là  (vi) , ( absent with adjectives )
                                                                                                                                                                              • Welsh: bod  (cy)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Zhuang: please add this translation if you can used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes it
                                                                                                                                                                                • Arabic: كَانَ‎ ‎ ( kāna ) ( present tense seldom used; often in place of present tense ) هُوَ‎ ‎  (ar) ( huwa ) , هِيَ‎ ‎  (ar) ( hiya )
                                                                                                                                                                                • Asturian: ser  (ast) , tar  (ast) , ser  (ast) , ser  (ast) , tar  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Basque: izan , egon
                                                                                                                                                                                • Belarusian: быць ( bycʹ ) ( present tense seldom used )
                                                                                                                                                                                • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                                                • Catalan: ser  (ca) , estar  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Chinese: Mandarin: not used in Mandarin
                                                                                                                                                                                • Chuukese: mi
                                                                                                                                                                                • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Danish: være  (da)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Dutch: zijn  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Egyptian: not used in Egyptian
                                                                                                                                                                                • Emilian: êser
                                                                                                                                                                                • Esperanto: esti  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Estonian: olema  (et)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                                • French: être  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Galician: ser  (gl) , estar  (gl)
                                                                                                                                                                                • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Greek: είμαι  (el) ( eímai ) Ancient: εἰμί ( eimí ) ( or no verb ) , ἔχω ( ékhō ) + ( an adverb equivalent to the adjective )
                                                                                                                                                                                • Hebrew: הוא‎ ‎  (he)   ( hu ) , היא‎ ‎  (he)   ( hi ) , הם‎ ‎  (he)     ( hem ) , הן‎ ‎  (he)     ( hen ) , הָיָה‎ ‎  (he) ( hayá ) ( past )
                                                                                                                                                                                • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                                • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Ido: esar  (io)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Irish: bí Old Irish: at·tá
                                                                                                                                                                                • Italian: essere  (it)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Japanese: not used in Japanese
                                                                                                                                                                                • Korean: not used in Korean
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Latvian: būt  (lv)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e )
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Malay: adalah  (ms) Jawi: اداله‎ ‎
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Manx: bee
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Norman: être
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Old Church Slavonic: бꙑти ( byti )
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Portuguese: ser  (pt) , estar  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Romanian: fi  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Russian: быть  (ru) ( bytʹ ) ( present tense seldom used )
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Slovak: byť  (sk)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Spanish: ser  (es) , estar  (es)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Swedish: vara  (sv)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Thai: not used in Thai
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Ukrainian: бу́ти  (uk) ( búty )
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Vietnamese: ( optional with adjectives only ) thì  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Welsh: bod  (cy)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Yiddish: זײַן‎ ‎ ( zayn ) used to indicate that the subject has the qualities described by a noun or noun phrase
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Arabic: كَانَ‎ ‎ ( kāna ) ( present tense seldom used; often in place of present tense ) هُوَ‎ ‎  (ar) ( huwa ) , هِيَ‎ ‎  (ar) ( hiya )
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Asturian: ser  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Basque: izan
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Chinese: Mandarin: 是  (zh) ( shì )
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Danish: være  (da)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Dutch: zijn  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Emilian: êser
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Esperanto: esti  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Estonian: olema  (et)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • French: être  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Greek: είμαι  (el) ( eímai ) Ancient: εἰμί ( eimí ) ( or with no verb )
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Hindi: होना  (hi) ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Irish: is  (ga)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Italian: essere  (it)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Japanese: です  (ja) ( desu ) , である ( dearu ) , だ  (ja) ( da )
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Korean: 이다  (ko) ( ida )
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e )
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Norman: être
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Old Church Slavonic: бꙑти ( byti )
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Portuguese: ser  (pt) , estar  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Romanian: fi  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Russian: быть  (ru) ( bytʹ )
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Slovak: byť  (sk)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: byś
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Spanish: ser  (es)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Swedish: vara  (sv)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Thai: เป็น  (th) ( bpen )
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Ukrainian: бу́ти  (uk) ( búty )
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Urdu: ہونا‎ ‎ ( honā )
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Vietnamese: là  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Welsh: bod  (cy)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Zhuang: please add this translation if you can used to form the passive voice
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Arabic: ( use passive forms or derived stems with passive meaning )
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Asturian: ser  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Bulgarian: съм  (bg) ( sǎm )
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Catalan: ser  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Chinese: Mandarin: ( particle ) (please verify) 被/為(为)/遭 ( bèi ) + verb, or implied
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Danish: blive  (da)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Dutch: worden  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Emilian: êser
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Esperanto: (passive form of the verb) - iĝi , esti  (eo) + passive participle [-ata, -ita, -ota]
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Finnish: active tense used
                                                                                                                                                                                        • French: être  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Galician: ser  (gl)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • German: werden  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Greek: usually translated using the passive form of the active verb Ancient: ( in most cases use passive forms ) , ( rarely ) εἰμί ( eimí ) + ( passive participle )
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Irish: specific form of each verb must be used
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Italian: essere  (it)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Japanese: れる  (ja) ( reru ) , られる  (ja) ( rareru )
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Khmer: ត្រូវបាន ( trɨv baan )
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Korean: ( passive form of the verb ) - 기다  (ko) ( gida ) , – 당하다  (ko) ( danghada ) , - 되다  (ko) ( doeda ) , - 리다  (ko) ( rida ) , - 받다  (ko) ( batda ) , - 이다  (ko) ( ida ) , - 지다  (ko) ( jida ) , - 히다 ( hida )
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Lithuanian: būti  (lt)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e )
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Malay: ( passive form of the verb )
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Mazanderani: بیه‌ن‎ ‎ ( biyen )
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Norman: être
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: bli  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: verta , verte , bli
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Old Church Slavonic: бꙑти ( byti )
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Polish: być  (pl) , zostać  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Portuguese: ser  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Romanian: fi  (ro)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Russian: быть  (ru) ( bytʹ )
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Serbo-Croatian: бити , biti  (sh)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Slovene: biti  (sl)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Spanish: (reflexive form of the verb) - se  (es) , (passive form of the verb) ser  (es) + past participle
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Swedish: bli  (sv) , -s  (sv) ( suffix used on the verb )
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Thai: ถูก  (th) ( tùuk ) , โดน  (th) ( doon )
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Vietnamese: ( positive outcome ) được  (vi) , ( negative outcome ) bị  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Welsh: bod  (cy)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • West Frisian: wurde  (fy) used to form the continuous forms of various tenses
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Arabic: ( use present tense or active participle for present progressive ) , كَانَ‎ ‎ ( kāna ) + ( imperfect indicative for past progressive )
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Asturian: tar  (ast) , tar  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Bakhtiari: ( used with the verb ) هنه‎ ‎ ( hone )
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Catalan: estar  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Chinese: Mandarin: 在  (zh) ( zài ) , 正在  (zh) ( zhèngzài ) , verb + 著  (zh) , 着  (zh) ( zhe )
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Czech: not used in Czech
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Danish: not used in Danish
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Dutch: zijn aan het + infinitive (or a simple tense without zijn when not stressing the continuousness of an action)
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Esperanto: esti  (eo) + active participle [-anta, -inta, -onta]
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Finnish: ( sometimes, normally use indicative ) olla  (fi) + third active infinitive in inessive case
                                                                                                                                                                                            • French: ( not translated; use the equivalent simple tense, or the imperfect in the past )
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Galician: estar  (gl)
                                                                                                                                                                                            • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Greek: ( use imperfective verb form of the appropriate tense ) Ancient: ( use present or imperfect, or perfect or pluperfect of verbs whose perfect has present meaning )
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Haitian Creole: ap
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Irish: bí
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Italian: stare  (it)
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Japanese: ている ( teiru )
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Khmer: កំពុង  (km) ( kɑmpuŋ )
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Korean: - 어/아 가다 ( gada ) , - 고 있다 ( go itda ) , - 는다 ( neunda ) , - ᆫ다 ( nda ) , - ᆻ다 ( tda )
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Latin: not used in Latin
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Macedonian: ( use imperfective verb form of the appropriate tense )
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Manx: bee
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Norwegian: not used in Norwegian
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Persian: داشتن‎ ‎  (fa) ( dâštan ) + imperfective verb form, در حال‎ ‎ ( dar hâl-e ) + infinitive + بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan ) , هاسی‎ ‎ ( hâsey ) + imperfective verb form ( dialectal )
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Portuguese: estar  (pt) + gerund
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Romanian: ( not translated; use the equivalent simple tense, or the imperfect in the past )
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Russian: ( use imperfective verb form of the appropriate tense )
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Spanish: estar  (es) + gerund
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Swedish: (rarely translated; use the equivalent simple tense or possibly hålla på att  (sv) + infinitive)
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thai: กำลัง  (th) ( gam-lang )
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Vietnamese: đang  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Welsh: bod  (cy) (archaic) used to form the perfect aspect with certain intransitive verbs
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Chinese: Mandarin: not used in Mandarin
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Danish: være  (da)
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Dutch: zijn  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Esperanto: not used in Esperanto
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                • French: avoir  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                                                • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Irish: ( rendered by verb form )
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Japanese: ている ( teiru )
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Latin: sum  (la) , ( (not translated; use the equivalent simple tense, or the imperfect in the past) ) Videsne quis venit? (Do you see who is coming?)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e )
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Portuguese: ser  (pt) ( archaic ) , ter  (pt) ( modern )
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Russian: not used in Russian
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Swedish: vara  (sv) , ha  (sv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Vietnamese: từng  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Welsh: ( rendered by verb form ) used to form future tenses, especially the future subjunctive
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Chinese: Mandarin: not used in Mandarin
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Czech: být  (cs) , mít  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Danish: ville  (da)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Esperanto: (not translated; use the future tense [-os])
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Finnish: tulla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • French: not used in French
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Greek: (for future subjunctive, use θα + imperfective past verb form)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Irish: ( rendered by verb form )
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Japanese: だろう  (ja) ( darō )
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Latin: ( not translated; use a future tense ) ibo  (la) (I’m to go), ( not translated; use a future tense ) ivero (I’m to go)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Macedonian: not used in Macedonian
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Mazanderani: بأبوشه‌ن‎ ‎ ( babošen )
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Portuguese: use the future subjunctive tense
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Russian: быть  (ru) ( bytʹ )
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Swedish: ( for indicative: use present tense or kommer att + infinitive; for subjunctive: use om  (sv) ... skulle  (sv) + infinitive or (archaically) use past subjunctive )
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Welsh: ( rendered by verb form ) used to link a subject to a count or measurement
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Galician: medir
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Polish: mieć  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Spanish: ser  (es) , tener  (es) used to indicate weather, air quality, or the like
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Asturian: facer  (ast)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Catalan: fer  (ca)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Chinese: Mandarin: not used in Mandarin
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Czech: být  (cs)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Danish: være  (da)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Dutch: zijn  (nl)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Esperanto: esti  (eo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Estonian: olema  (et)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Finnish: olla  (fi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • French: faire  (fr)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • German: sein  (de)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Greek: κάνει ( kánei ) , έχει  (el) ( échei )
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Icelandic: vera  (is)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Irish: bí , is  (ga)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Japanese: だ  (ja) ( da )
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Latin: sum  (la)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Macedonian: е  (mk) ( e )
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Norwegian: Norwegian Bokmål: være  (no) Norwegian Nynorsk: vera  (nn) , vere  (nn)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Persian: است‎ ‎  (fa) ( ast ) , بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Polish: być  (pl)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Portuguese: fazer  (pt) , estar  (pt)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Russian: ( adverbs ) (e.g. темно, холодно, жарко)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Spanish: hacer  (es) + noun , estar  (es) + adjective , estar  (es) + gerund
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Swedish: vara  (sv)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Vietnamese: có  (vi)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Welsh: bod  (cy) The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations. Translations to be checked
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Ancient Greek: (please verify) εἰμί ( eimí )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Breton: (please verify) bezañ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Catalan: (please verify) ser , (please verify) estar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Gothic: (please verify) 𐍅𐌹𐍃𐌰𐌽 ( wisan )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Ido: (please verify) esar , (please verify) existar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Interlingua: (please verify) esser , (please verify) ser
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Kannada: (please verify) ಇರ ( ira )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Kurdish: (please verify) bûn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Maltese: (please verify) nkun , (please verify) tkun
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Novial: (please verify) es
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Occitan: (please verify) èsser
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Old English: (please verify) bēon , (please verify) wesan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Old Norse: (please verify) vera
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Persian: (please verify) بودن‎ ‎  (fa) ( budan )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Romansch: (please verify) esser , (please verify) star
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Vietnamese: ( usually omitted when intransitive ) (please verify) là References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • “be” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language , 4th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, →ISBN .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • “be” in Dictionary.com Unabridged , Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • "be" in WordNet 2.0 , Princeton University, 2003. Anagrams [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EB Albanian [ edit ] Etymology [ edit ] From Proto-Albanian *baidā , from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeidʰ- 'persuade' (compare Ancient Greek πείθω ( peíthō ) ). Noun [ edit ] be   (indefinite plural be , definite singular beja , definite plural betë )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. oath
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. vow, swearing Derived terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • përbej
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • besë
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • betoj
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • betohem
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bind Balinese [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. fish
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. meat, fish, tofu, egg ( everything that is eaten with rice except vegetables ) Catalan [ edit ] Etymology 1 [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be   (plural bes )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. The name of the Latin-script letter B / b . Usage notes [ edit ] In some dialects of Catalan, the sounds associated with the letter b and the letter v are the same: [β] . In order to differentiate be and ve in those dialects, the letters are often called be alta ( “ high B ” ) and ve baixa ( “ low V ” ) . Derived terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • be alta Etymology 2 [ edit ] Onomatopoeic from the sound of a lamb. Noun [ edit ] be   (plural bens )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. sheep, ram, ewe, lamb; an individual of the species Ovis aries . Dorasque [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. ( Changuena , Chumulu , Gualaca ) night References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Alphonse Louis Pinart, Vocabulario Castellano-dorasque, Dialectos Chumulu, Gualaca Y Changuina (1890) Faroese [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be   (genitive singular bes , plural be )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. The name of the Latin-script letter B / b . Declension [ edit ] Declension of be n4 singular plural indefinite definite indefinite definite nominative be beið be beini accusative be beið be beini dative be , bei benum beum beunum genitive bes besins bea beanna See also [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ( Latin-script letter names ) bókstavur ; a / fyrra a, á, be , de, edd, e, eff, ge, há, i / fyrra i, í / fyrra í, jodd, ká, ell, emm, enn, o, ó, pe, err, ess, te, u, ú, ve, seinna i, seinna í, seinna a, ø Guerrero Amuzgo [ edit ] Adjective [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. red Hungarian [ edit ] Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • IPA (key) : [ˈbɛ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Audio (file) Adverb [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. in Derived terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • befelé See also [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • be-, benn, bent, bél, belső Iau [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. fire Further reading [ edit ] Bill Palmer, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area (→ISBN, 2017), page 531, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages Ido [ edit ] Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • IPA (key) : /be/ , /bɛ/ Noun [ edit ] be (plural be-i )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. The name of the Latin script letter B /b . See also [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Latin script letter names ) litero ; a , be , ce , che , de , e , fe , ge , he , i , je , ke , le , me , ne , o , pe , que , re , se , she , te , u , ve , we , xe , ye , ze Japanese [ edit ] Romanization [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Rōmaji transcription of べ (hiragana)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. Rōmaji transcription of ベ (katakana) Karajá [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. water References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • David Lee Fortune, Gramática Karajá: um Estudo Preliminar em Forma Transformacional Latin [ edit ] Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ( Classical ) IPA (key) : /beː/ Noun [ edit ] bē ( indeclinable )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. The name of the letter B . Coordinate terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ( Latin-script letter names ) littera ; ā, bē , cē, dē, ē, ef, gē, hā, ī, kā, el, em, en, ō, pē, kū, er, es, tē, ū, ix / īx / ex, ȳ / ī graeca / ȳpsīlon, zēta References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies ), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound." Lithuanian [ edit ] Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • IPA (key) : [bʲɛ] Preposition [ edit ] be (with genitive )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. ( shows absence of something ) without
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. besides; but, except Antonyms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • su Norwegian Bokmål [ edit ] Etymology [ edit ] From Old Norse biðja Verb [ edit ] be (imperative be , present tense ber , passive bes , simple past ba or bad , past participle bedt , present participle beende )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. to pray
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. to ask something of someone Synonyms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bede Derived terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • beding Related terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bønn References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • “be” in The Bokmål Dictionary .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • “be” in The Ordnett Dictionary Norwegian Nynorsk [ edit ] Alternative forms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • beda
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bede Etymology [ edit ] From Old Norse biðja . Akin to English bid . Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • IPA (key) : /beː/ Verb [ edit ] be (present tense ber , past tense bad , past participle bede or bedd or bedt , present participle bedande , imperative be )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. to pray
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. to ask something of someone Derived terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • beding Related terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bøn / bønn References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • “be” in The Nynorsk Dictionary .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • “be” in The Ordnett Dictionary Old Irish [ edit ] Alternative forms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ( 2nd sg. pres. subj. ) : ba Verb [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. second-person singular present subjunctive of is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. first-person singular future of is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3. second-person singular future of is Old Prussian [ edit ] Conjunction [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. and wāiklis be mērgā - a boy and a girl Preposition [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. without Polish [ edit ] Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • IPA (key) : /bɛ/ Noun [ edit ] be   (indeclinable )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. The name of the Latin-script letter B / b . Adjective [ edit ] be (indeclinable , comparative bardziej be , superlative najbardziej be )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. ( childish ) bad, not suitable, not eatable Interjection [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. ( onomatopoeia ) A sound of a sheep Further reading [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • be in Polish dictionaries at PWN Scots [ edit ] Etymology [ edit ] From Old English bēon . Verb [ edit ] tae be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. To be . Conjugation [ edit ]     Conjugation of be (highly irregular, suppletive) infinitive tae be present participle bein past participle been person singular plural A thoo 1 he/she/it we ye they regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative present am amna art artna is isna are arena are arena are arena past wis wis , wir 2 1 Archaic. 2 Used only with plural pronouns.     Northern Scots conjugation of be (highly irregular, suppletive) infinitive tae be present participle bein past participle been person singular plural A ee hei/shi/it oo yow yins they regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative regular emphatic negative present im em , um imni ir er , ur irni is es isni ir er , ur irni is es isni ir er , ur irni past wuz wuz , wur wuz wur Serili [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. water References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Roger Blench, The Enggano (in notes)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ABVD (as 'bɛ)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ASJP (as bE, representing bɛ) Slovene [ edit ] Etymology [ edit ] Probably from the German name of the letter B (pronounced [beː] ). Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • IPA (key) : /ˈbéː/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Tonal orthography: bẹ̑ Noun [ edit ] bé     (genitive bêja , nominative plural bêji )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. The name of the Latin-script letter B / b . Inflection [ edit ] Declension of bé (masculine inan., soft o-stem) singular dual plural nominative bé bêja bêji accusative bé bêja bêje genitive bêja bêjev bêjev dative bêju bêjema bêjem locative bêju bêjih bêjih instrumental bêjem bêjema bêji Synonyms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • b Spanish [ edit ] Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • IPA (key) : /be/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Audio (file)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Homophone: ve Etymology 1 [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be   (plural bes )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. The name of the Latin-script letter B / b . Synonyms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • be larga
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • be alta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • be latina Etymology 2 [ edit ] Echoic. Noun [ edit ] be   (plural bes )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. baa ( bleating of a sheep ) Further reading [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • “be” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición , Real Academia Española, 2014. Swedish [ edit ] Alternative forms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bedja (dated) Etymology [ edit ] From older bedja , from Old Swedish biþia , from Old Norse biðja , from Proto-Germanic *bidjaną , from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰedʰ- . Cognate with Danish bede , Icelandic biðja , English bid , Dutch bidden , German bitten . Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • audio (file)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Homophone: B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Rhymes: -eː Verb [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. to ask for, request someone else to do something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. to pray
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. to beg, to plead with someone for help or for a favor Conjugation [ edit ] Conjugation of be (weak) Active Passive Infinitive be bes Present tense ber bes Past tense bad bads Supine bett betts Imperative be — Present participle beende Past participle bedd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Conjugation of bedja (dated) Active Passive Infinitive bedja bedjas Present tense beder , bedjer beds  , bedes , bedjes Past tense bad bads Supine bett betts Imperative bed — Present participle bedjande Past participle bedd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Related terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bedjare
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bön
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • ombe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • tillbe Tarao [ edit ] Alternative forms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • beh Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. bean, beans References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 2002 , Chungkham Yashwanta Singh, Tarao Grammar Turkish [ edit ] Etymology 1 [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. The name of the Latin-script letter B / b . Etymology 2 [ edit ] From Arabic وَاو‎ ( wāw ) . Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Letter of the Arabic alphabet: ب See also [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ( Latin-script letter names ) harf ; a, be , ce, çe, de, e, fe, ge, yumuşak ge, he, ı, i, je, ke, le, me, ne, o, ö, pe, re, se, şe, te, u, ü, ve, ye, ze Tzotzil [ edit ] Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ( Zinacantán ) IPA (key) : /ɓɛ/ Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. road, path, way References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Laughlin, Robert M. (1975 ) The Great Tzotzil Dictionary of San Lorenzo Zinacantán . Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Laughlin, Robert M. [et al.] (1988 ) The Great Tzotzil Dictionary of Santo Domingo Zinacantán , vol. I. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. Vietnamese [ edit ] Pronunciation [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (Hà Nội ) IPA (key) : [ɓɛ˧˧]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (Huế ) IPA (key) : [ɓɛ˧˧]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (Hồ Chí Minh City ) IPA (key) : [ɓɛ˧˧] Etymology 1 [ edit ] This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. wine flask Rượu ngon chẳng quản be sành. Good wine does not mind a terracotta flask. Etymology 2 [ edit ] Borrowed from French beige . Adjective [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. beige chiếc áo mưa màu be — a beige raincoat Etymology 3 [ edit ] This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Verb [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. To build a mud embankment with one's hands.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. To prop up the lip of a sack while topping off the sack, to ensure a more generous quantity. lấy tay be miệng đấu khi đong đỗ — to surround the top of a measure with one's hands while measuring beans Đong bình thường, không được be đâu đấy. — Measure it out normally; don't prop up the lip of the sack. Etymology 4 [ edit ] This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Verb [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. To hug a boundary or riverbank. Thuyền be theo bờ sông. The boat hugged the riverbank. Etymology 5 [ edit ] Onomatopoeic Interjection [ edit ] be ( 𠻻, 𠾦 )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. ( onomatopoeia ) bleat; baa Related terms [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • dê ( “ goat ” )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • cừu ( “ sheep ” ) References [ edit ] "be" in Hồ Ngọc Đức, Free Vietnamese Dictionary Project (details) West Makian [ edit ] Noun [ edit ] be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. water References [ edit ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • C. L. Voorhoeve, The Makian Languages and Their Neighbours (1982)